The structure of the overall programme will remain much as before - three pillars supported by a horizontal "strengthening" action
The Open Science pillar (€25.8 billion) supports frontier research projects defined and driven by researchers
themselves through the European Research Council (€16.6 billion), funds fellowships and exchanges for
researchers through Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (€6.8 billion), and invests in world-class research
infrastructures with just €2.4B.
The Global Challenges and Industrial Competiveness pillar - the big winner - (€52.7 billion) directly supports research relating
to societal challenges, reinforces technological and industrial capacities, and sets EU-wide missions with ambitious
goals tackling some of our biggest problems. It also includes activities pursued by the Joint Research Centre
(€2.2 billion) which supports EU and national policymakers with independent scientific evidence and technical
The Open Innovation pillar (€13.5 billion) aims to make Europe a frontrunner in market-creating innovation via
the European Innovation Council (€10 billion). It will help develop the overall European innovation landscape,
including by further strengthening the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) to foster the
integration of business, research, higher education and entrepreneurship (€3 billion).
Horizon Europe will double the “sharing excellence” support to EU Member States in their efforts to make the most
of their national research and innovation potential.